The establishment of the library is connected to an historical event in February 1832, when Dimitrije Davidović, publisher of the first Serbian newspaper, sent a letter about establishing a national library in honour of Prince Miloš Obrenović. The same year in November, Prince Miloš ordered the Legal Deposit of copies in the National Library.
National Library of Serbia has more than 5 milions of library units. Except books there is collection of very rare books, manuscripts and maps.
Today National Library of Serbia also has digital version with more than 820000 records.